The agency of the United States Federal Government that is responsible for the civilian space programme, aeronautics, and aerospace research is called NASA. The full form is the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Here are some interesting things about this organisation which you might not know.
Facts About NASA
The Reason For Creation
This was established in 1958 by President Dwight Eisenhower. Just the previous year the Soviet Union had launched the first artificial satellite. This space organisation was created in response to this launch by the Soviet Union.
The Super Goal For A Super Organisation
The goal of sending a man to the moon was given by John F Kennedy. This goal was given in the late 60’s. Then in July 1969, the Apollo 11 Mission took place. Men walked on the moon for the first time as part of this mission. NASA lost its crew members in these disasters.
The Abortion Of Apollo 13 Landing
In the year 1970 the Apollp 13 landing on the moon has to be aborted. This was because an oxygen tank exploded and hence the mission had to be stopped.
Facts About Space Shuttle Enterprise
This was built for the reusable spacecraft fleet. It was built for testing. However, this shuttle of NASA never flew in space. It had been decided to call this space shuttle as Constitution. However, the fan of the successful serial Star Trek ran a campaign. This campaign requested the change of name of the shuttle. The request of the fans was honoured and it was renamed as Enterprise.
A Mix Of Successes And Disasters
The space shuttle programmes have had a number of successful flights. They have had around 120 successful flights. But there have also been two disasters. These were Challenger in the year 1986 and Columbia in the year 2003.
Neil Armstrong Had Just Missed His Golden Chance
The first man to walk on the moon was Neil Armstrong. Did you know that he had almost missed this chance? He was late in submitting his application to NASA. But his friend Dick Day came to the rescue. He slipped his application in the heaps of applications.
Here Is When You Will Be Called An Astronaut
There is a specific criteria set by the organisation. A person will be called an astronaut only he has travelled 50 miles from the surface of the earth.
There are a number of controversies. It was said that the landing on the moon was a fake thing. In 2006 the organisation said that they had taped over the original tapes. However, it was said that the tapes were missing. The international space station has US as well as Russian astronauts. They keep separate reserves of water. Three Yemen men have charged the organisation of trespassing Mars.
So these are some interesting things about a wonderful organisation. This is one place where they are always taking up new challenges which will help in understanding the mysteries of space better.