The fourth planet of the solar system which is also the second smallest planet of this system is Mars. Want to know some fun facts about this planet? Hey! read on.
Facts about Mars
This planet has a Roman name. It was named after the Roman God of War. It is also called as the Red Planet. The reason for this is that it appears red in colour. The colour is due to iron oxide which is there in the rock and soil of this planet.
Size Comparison With Earth
Mercury is the smallest planet of our solar system. After mercury comes Mars. If you were to compare the size of this planet with earth you will realise that it is half the size of the earth. This planet has a diameter of 6,791 kms.
It Can Get Really Cold On This Planet
This red planet is far away from the sun as compared to the earth. So naturally, it is much colder than earth. At the equator, the temperature can be 20degrees Celsius. But at the poles, the temperature can go down to -140 degrees Celsius.
The Highest Mountain Of The Solar System Is Here
The highest mountain of the solar system is on Mars. This is a volcano called Olympus Mons. This mountain is 24 kms high. It is three times the height of Mount Everest which is the earth’s highest mountain.
The Gravitational Force And The Moon On The Red Planet
The gravitational force on this planet is very weak. You can jump three times higher on this planet as compared to the earth. This planet does not have one moon. It has two moons. The names given to these moons are Phobos and Deimos.
The Days And Years On The Red Planet:
The length of the days on this planet is similar to that on earth. The day is 24 hours and 37 minutes long on the Red planet. The length of the year is two times as compared to that on the earth. The year of the red planet compromises of 687 days.
This Planet Has Water
Earlier it was believed that there is no water on the surface of this planet. It was thought that this planet has only rocks and soil and ice and dust. However, this perception changed in the year 2018. Now there are evidences that there is a lake on this planet. It is located on the planet’s south polar ice cap.
Man’s Mission To The Red Planet
Human beings have not gone to this planet. However, scientists have sent spacecrafts to this planet in the past. This was mainly to study the details about this planet. In the year 1976, the first spacecraft landed on this planet. The name of this space craft was Viking Landers.
This red planet is surely an interesting part of the solar system. Scientists are studying it in more detail to unravel the different mysteries of the planet.