Having different size and structure, all solar system planets revolve around the sun in a certain way. The distance, nature, surface, and temperature varies from planet to planet, and all planets are categorized accordingly for various studies. There are various small and big planets in the universe. The brief description of eight primary solar system planets in the arrangement of distance from the sun is here.
The closest planet to the sun is mercury. Being the smallest one among all solar system planets, mercury is just a bit larger than the moon of the earth. It moves so faster that its orbit is only 88 earth days. Nights on the planet are below freezing level while the days face the scorching sun.
This bright planet is named for the Roman goddess of love and beauty. Being the second planet from the sun, it’s hotter than mercury along with the toxic atmosphere. However, the planet is quite to earth while differentiating the greenhouse effect in its atmosphere. Its diameter is 7521 miles that complete its round around the sun in 225 earth days.
Being the third planet from the sun, it’s the place where life is found. Not only humans but also countless creatures live on this planet. That’s why it is known to harbor life irrespective of the fact that its 2/3rd portion is covered by oceans.
Mars is placed at fourth when we count distance from the sun. It is known as the red planet due to iron oxide dust. It takes approximately doubled earth days to claim a year on the mars because its orbit is 687 days. However, the days are comparatively similar to the earth. One day on the earth is of 23 hours 56 minutes while on the mars, it is 24 hours 37 minutes.
Named for the ruler of Roman Gods, Jupiter is a gaseous world having a mixture of hydrogen and helium. Having 86,881 miles diameter, it is the biggest planet among all solar system planets. This giant planet has dozens of moons along with a strong magnetic field.
The lord of rings! Well, it’s not the movie you are thinking about. It’s the sixth planet from the sun named for agricultural roman god. Like Jupiter, it is another gaseous planet but having icy and rocky rings. The diameter is 74900 miles while the day is of only 10.5 hours of an earth day.
The planet was first known as a star but later founded as the planet. The unique thing about Uranus is that it forms 90 degrees angle on its orbit and it looks like spins on its side. Its orbit is 84 earth days having a diameter of 31763 miles.
Being the last primary planet from the sun, Neptune is the cold planet and faces strong winds. It was first discovered in 1846 and named for Roman God of water. Having 30775 miles diameter, it is almost equal to Uranus.